Melodic Intonation Therapy: Back to Basics for Future Research Published in: Frontiers in Neurology, January 2014 DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2014.00007: Pubmed ID: 24478754. When I’m not working on my blog I can be found at home playing with my boys and husband or watching the hallmark channel while drinking a warm cup of coffee. TERMS & PRIVACY POLICY. Retrieved from, “Constraint-Induced Therapy of Chronic Aphasia following Stroke”, “From Singing to Speaking: Why singing may lead to recovery of expressive language function in patients with Broca’s Aphasia”, 59+ FREE New Year’s Speech Therapy Activities, 219+ FREE Winter Speech Therapy Activities, 141+ FREE Thanksgiving Speech Therapy Activities. A case study using a multimodal approach to melodic intonation therapy rating. (physical therapy) none o’cot, speech…two…times…read…r…ripe…rike…uh…write…practice…get…ting better.”, Please talk to your expressive aphasia patients. (n.d.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. 0000009155 00000 n 0000006414 00000 n David now has mild aphasia after years of therapy. 0000023748 00000 n For instance, when most people see the word “dog,” they do not sound out each letter in the word to read it. Some people with aphasia notice that they are able to sing much better than they are able to speak. It is thought that since our singing abilities are stored in the right hemisphere of the brain and this area normally remains intact for patients who experience a stroke that MIT therapy can help the patients with word retrieval and … An Introduction to Language. Making your life easier one speech therapy material, resource, or how-to video at a time. 0000036113 00000 n 0000015428 00000 n 0000019581 00000 n CiteSeerX doi:10.1161/01.STR.32.7.1621. (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1990 (1979), pp. 0000019258 00000 n 14. We also may use greater articulatory force to emphasize a word or phrase. 0000033355 00000 n People with expressive aphasia often produce limited short utterances with less than four words. In addition, one’s age, education, emotional state, personality, and motivation can all determine a patient’s prognosis of recovery. Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a therapeutic process used by music therapists and speech pathologists to help patients with communication disorders caused by brain damage.This method uses a style of singing called melodic intonation to stimulate activity in the right hemisphere of the brain in order to assist in speech production (Carroll 1996). Reputation risk management case study, hindi essay on vyayam ka mahatva dissertation ideas marine biology how many paragraphs is a short essay. Merry Chri, “Remarks on the Seat of the Faculty of Articulated Language, Following an Observation of Aphemia (Loss of Speech)”, “Broca’s Aphasia – National Aphasia Association”,, “The neural organization of language: evidence from sign language aphasia”, Jump up toCommon Classifications of Aphasia. Despite these facts, most people have never heard of aphasia before. 0000005044 00000 n 0000017407 00000 n 0000016157 00000 n Sentence Production Program for Aphasia (SPPA) is a therapy tool to help people with aphasia to form sentences. Essay on the best day ever rutgers dissertation workshop howard university essay questions 101 essays that will change the way … 0000018471 00000 n trailer <<78CA783D0DCE45C9A8665C08B7BA8BA4>]/Prev 105409/XRefStm 1733>> startxref 0 %%EOF 542 0 obj <>stream left CVA) Q9. Here is a short video of the same young lady in the previous video above. doi:10.1016/S1364-6613(98)01154-1. Starts with syllable tapping and fades out melody over time. The goal of the program is for the person with aphasia to improve their “whole word” reading abilities, by reading the text multiple times. Prosody refers to intonation, stress pattern, loudness variations, pausing, and rhythm. Although therapy for each child will be individual to that child’s particular needs, we must consider and include these 4 components in their treatment (along with any other problems the child may be having): Speech Sound Production; Language Development; Augmentative-Alternative Communication (AAC) Prosody Music Perception. 21 (5): 537–554. Instead, treatment plans will be individualized based on the assessment findings, the age of the patient, the cause of the brain injury, and the position and size of the brain lesion. National Aphasia Association. Paul Broca, a French neurologist scientist, first identified expressive aphasia in 1861. On May 13, the 2019 J. Edward Rall Cultural lecture (NIH only) brought world-renowned soprano Renee Fleming to the NIH Clinical Center to speak on Music and the Mind.. Fleming spoke about music evolution, research and music’s potential to improve health. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Therapy 3-4 notes the intonation pattern of say things SPPA - Offer Production Program for Aphasia Show a picture with the sentence below and they fill the gap. %PDF-1.4 %���� Melodic intonation therapy: | |Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT)| is a therapeutic process used by |music therapists| an... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. In those patients who experience expressive aphasia due to a stroke, will most likely go through a period after the stroke of spontaneous speech and language recovery. Bsc economics dissertation topics dissertation topics mgr medical university. Cognitive Neuropsychology. Expressive aphasia is most commonly caused by a stroke in the Broca’s area or the area surrounding Broca’s area. By using MOR, people with aphasia can increase the … Since May 2015, we have collected goals from speech-language pathologists who work in many different settings and have varied levels of experience. 22 (4): 311–318. “The goal of melodic intonation therapy is not to turn the person into a singer, but to help them speak again using intonation as a bridge,” says Dr. Gottfried Schlaug, Director of the Neuroimaging and Stroke Recovery laboratories at BIDMC. I’ve got you covered for your weeks forth of, Are you looking for winter speech therapy activities? ... upper bank . Home > Success Stories. Melodic intonation therapy (MIT) is a structured protocol for language rehabilitation in people with Broca's aphasia. Once the patient passed away Broca performed an autopsy. 2009; Zumbansen et al. 2014) Response Elaboration Training SFA 53 54 55 56 envisagés : (1) une thérapie chantée de l’aphasie, la Melodic intonation therapy en anglais (MIT), et (2) une activité de loisir, une chorale de personnes aphasiques. Read more about his recovery in ... Goal setting with this client group can be a challenge due to the severe language impairment. Melodic intonation therapy may help people with severe aphasia learn how to speak again. Whether you are looking for clinical support during a device trial or need therapy recommendations for a client struggling from a speech or language disorder, our team is here to support you. “Translational Research in Aphasia: from Neuroscience to Neurorehabilitation”. “Constraint-Induced Therapy of Chronic Aphasia following Stroke”. of . As a dedicated and enthusiastic Speech Pathologist, I strongly believe in working with clients, their families and support network in collaboratively establishing and achieving holistic therapy goals, to truly make a positive difference in my clients’ lives. Fromkin, Victoria; Rodman, Robert; Hyams, Nina (2014). Put simply, a goal is a shared agreement between the client and the therapist about the direction of therapy. Aphasia affects about two million Americans making it more common than cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or Parkinson’s Disease. PMID 11441210. However, they still have the ability to comprehend most language. It is NOT a loss of intelligence!”. 14 Two hypotheses may help to interpret the effects of MIT in … Brookshire, Robert (2007). 58. Marshall, Jane (15 June 2004). Ultimately, the goal of EBP is providing optimal clinical service to that client/patient on an individual basis. Write a narrative essay on my first day at secondary school how do you write a literature review for a research paper incredible india essay in english for class 4 essay on elements of nature. Hicoka, Gregory (1 April 1998). Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 0000018849 00000 n My practice areas of interest include speech, language and literacy in preschool and school aged children, as well as paediatric feeding. NeuroRehabilitation. Your child will receive care that is individualized and specialized for him, and we will provide visual and pitch feedback, imitation training, … (2) single words and simple expressions (3) simple directions and conversation about immediate environment. Got questions? A person with expressive aphasia struggles to produce grammatically correct sentences. doi:10.1525/mp.2008.25.4.315. ISSN 0730-7829. It also depends on the type of stroke. Manasco, M. Hunter (2014). Although many studies have reported its beneficial effects on language production, randomized controlled trials (RCT) examining the efficacy of MIT are rare. Imagine understanding everything, following all commands extensively, & not being able to communicate. The natural musical component of speech was used to engage the patients' ability to produce phrases. 0000005585 00000 n MIT may also be an effective treatment for speech impairments caused by other disorders such as Down syndrome, but research on this topic is even … As Broca had predicted the patient had a lesion in the frontal lobe on the left cerebral hemisphere. Individuals with expressive aphasia have a loss of speaking fluently or writing fluently. When Cat Blakemore, my speech therapist in the stroke unit, saw my film, she suggested that a treatment known as Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) could work for me. Music Perception. Scroll … Melodic Intonation Therapy is a type of aphasia treatment program that uses musical intonation, continuous voicing, and rhythmic tapping to teach verbal expressions to clients with severe non-fluent aphasia with good auditory comprehension. Neuroscience (fourth ed.). Melodic Intonation Therapy: Shared Insights on How it is Done and Why it Might Help. Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) takes advantage of this singing ability. Therapy will consist of sessions with a speech-language pathologist to focus on increasing the patient’s ability to speak and communicate. ����w�U����̤␰���7������26.� �L@I�Ž�u �H���`����@��Qn��bO�H��ȄIN��E�3F��� ��O�yC[� She’s got an issue speaking not understanding. Both Broca and Wernicke came to discover that brain functions are localized to specific areas of the brain. 0000006498 00000 n 0000005156 00000 n Narrative essay doc, byu application essays. 0000018096 00000 n Brain research has documented that … This video is taken nine years after her stroke at the age of 18 years old. For example, a patient with expressive aphasia due to a brain tumor may need surgery and then post-surgery their aphasia may improve. Between 2 to 3 years of age, we did exactly what our doctor advised us to do – that is all the therapies with various names – everything … Wilson Sarah J (2006). Our daughter was 1.5 years old when we suspected something amiss in her interaction. In a nutshell, the short-term goals are the steps your patient needs to take to reach their long-term goal. 15 Indications and Interventions (cont.) We measured . Aug 9, 2018 - This is a demonstration of Melodic Intonation Therapy by University of Toledo Speech Language Pathology graduate students. Purves, D. (2008). At the first levels of the MIT program, musical components are used to facilitate ver- bal expression. 2014) Response Elaboration Training SFA 53 54 55 56 (4) directions/conversation about daily activities (5) a variety of topics with occasional prompting (6) most complex or abstract directions/conversation (7) all complex and abstract information **numbers are … My goal in life essay in kannada essay on a vacation on a hill station. It is important to consult with family members, friends, and caregivers in this process. Constraint Induced Language Therapy Go fish with barriers and progressive requirements. 10/30/2013 1 A Menu of Evidence-Supported Treatments for Aphasia Jacqueline Hinckley, Ph.D., BC-ANCDS Board Certified – Neurogenic Communication Neurologic Music Therapy (NMT) is a form of music therapy developed for people suffering from cognitive, sensory, or motor dysfunctions - arising from neurological diseases of the nervous system. At North Shore Pediatric Therapy, our speech-language pathologists will outline appropriate goals and objectives for your child, following his initial evaluation. Use a large bank of verbs, organize by conversational topic Capitalizes on repetition of a particular structure but allows some freedom in types of sentences that they want to produce Edmonds. Speech therapy materials for skilled nursing facility (SNF). Melodic intonation therapy (MIT) and some of its modified versions number among the rate and rhythm control approaches for AOS. Stroke. Often however, the process of setting speech therapy goals for aphasia can be much harder than it first appears. This technique has been shown to increase the number of words a person can recall. 0000010285 00000 n Children with CAS are frequently reported to have prosodic errors as well as many speech sound errors. Calling all social media scrollers! 0000040721 00000 n Every year there are about 795,000 strokes and about 25% of those strokes are recurrent strokes. 0000002086 00000 n We respect your privacy. Sep 21, 2020 - Explore Sonya's board "Speechie" on Pinterest. — Nurse Mikay, BSN, RN, SCRN (@NurseStarling) February 15, 2018. ISBN 978-0323045315. The main particularity of MIT is the use of intoned speech, a technique in which the clinician stylizes the prosody of short sentences using simple pitch and rhythm patterns. Depending on where and to what extent the brain is injured, each person with aphasia has a unique set of language disabilities. 0000004393 00000 n Retrieved August 7,2017. A patient with aphasia who is deaf and using a manual language, such as American Sign Language (ASL) will have interruptions to their signing abilities. My patient’s expressive output was limited to a few words, and he was outwardly frustrated by his limitations. “The rate and extent of improvement with therapy from the different types of aphasia in the first year of stroke”. Melodic intonation therapy (MIT), developed in 1973 by neurological researchers Sparks, Helm, and Albert, is a method used by music therapists and speech-language pathologists to help people with communication disorders caused by damage to the left hemisphere of the brain by engaging the singing abilities and possibly engaging language-capable regions in the undamaged right hemisphere. efficacy of Melodic Intonation Therapy in a group of chronic aphasic patients. 0000014814 00000 n For the love of god please drop the baby voice. Speech often includes main content words and deletes words with grammatical importance but little actual meaning, such as articles (the, a), prepositions (on, under), or pronouns (he, she). 0000006010 00000 n There are those which eschew alternate means or supplemental communication for an all-verbal communication goal. h�b```b``Sd`c`�f`@ �;���E�㼞�e��Cpw~���������F� �X�vV�2� �J�P+����qA��w�ur�lHP���xK�3�K��#)��B 6, (1861), 330–357. ASHA Practice Portal. For example, the sentence “Max bought Jane a candle.” may be easy to understand while the sentence, “The candle was given to Jane by Max.” may impact the comprehension of who gave the candle to whom due to the more complex grammar. In order to compensate for language, the patient will also be taught compensatory strategies, such as gesturing, drawing, speak slowly, using phrases and words that are easier to pronounce. Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a therapeutic process used by music therapists and speech pathologists to help patients with communication disorders caused by brain damage.This method uses a style of singing called melodic intonation to stimulate activity in the right hemisphere of the brain in order to assist in speech production. 0000008183 00000 n The main particularity of MIT is the use of intoned speech, a technique in which the clinician stylizes the prosody of short sentences using simple pitch and rhythm patterns. Melodic intonation therapy [MIT; (1, 2)] is a treatment program used by speech-language pathologists for the rehabilitation of patients with speech production disorders.At the first levels of the MIT program, musical components are used to facilitate verbal expression. Bakheit, AMO; Shaw, S; Carrington, S; Griffiths, S (2007). 59. doi:10.1080/02643290342000249. During graduate school, I had the pleasure of working with an individual with severe non-fluent aphasia post stroke. Expressive aphasia, also known as Broca’s aphasia or non-fluent aphasia, is a type of aphasia. Among music therapies, Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a musical treatment program and widely carried out for the rehabilitation of the patients with speech production disorder (Zumbansen, Peretz, & Hébert, 2014a), including non-fluent aphasia (Zumbansen, Peretz, & Hébert, 2014b). (n.d.). the superior temporal gyrus. “Remarks on the Seat of the Faculty of Articulated Language, Following an Observation of Aphemia (Loss of Speech)” Archived 17 January 2001 at the Wayback Machine.. Bulletin de la Société Anatomique, Vol. Many treatments for aphasia focus on word finding and naming. It applies musical elements to speech in order to improve language production. Raymer, Anastasia (February 2008). Finding the right words or producing the right sounds is often difficult. Research papers on behavioral addictions is revenge misguided or justified essay letter of application for a job essay a case study … Parents of children with Autism. Then they may hit a plateau with a gradual slowing of their recovery from there. Aphasia Object Box Starter Kit $ 9.99 Add to cart; Functional Reading Bundle. We express prosody mainly by varying pitch, loudness, and duration. Melodic intonation therapy [MIT; (1, 2)] is a treatment program used by speech-language pathologists for the rehabilitation of patients with speech production disorders. Broca then went on for the next two years to autopsy 12 other patients to support his findings. 0000017009 00000 n Here is a video of such a speaker: Oliver Sacks talks about aphasia and the power of music therapy in enabling communication for those who are otherwise unable to express themselves through language: In the months since a bullet to the brain left her in … A useful framework to use when writing goals is to make them SMART: Specific; Measurable; Attainable; Relevant; Time-Based; Be aware that goal setting is a dynamic process – goals will change over time as the … (n.d.). Essay on christmas morning, case study of barings bank, how to write reference for research paper essay about online marketing. Emphasis is on successful communication regardless of the form. A person with Broca’s aphasia may understand speech quite well. “Aphasia is an impairment of the ability to sometimes use or comprehend words, usually acquired as a result of a stroke. I am not drunk or mentally unstable! 7 min Read Goals are the basis for all speech and language therapy Teacher leaders essay Case study on melodic intonation therapy how to write thesis statement in persuasive essay. I also enjoy working with … Melodic Intonation Therapy. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 0000020540 00000 n Thus, the use of melody and rhythm has long been recommended for improving aphasic patients’ fluency, but it was ... Aphasia therapy on a neuroscience basis. The ultimate goal of Melodic Intonation Therapy is to improve the verbal communication skills of patients with restricted speech output. Functional approach to aphasia therapy Computer treatment software with animated agent that simulates the therapist For clients who struggle to produce narratives and … 0000003647 00000 n 497 0 obj <> endobj xref 497 46 0000000016 00000 n Me go, er, uh, P.T. Melodic intonation therapy is not appropriate for patients suffering form receptive aphasia or brain damage affecting the patient’s ability to read and comprehend language. 9,10,13 MIT combines mainly two components, the melodic intonation of words and single phrases, and rhythmic hand tapping that accompanies the production of each syllable and serves as a catalyst for fluency. {"cookieName":"wBounce","isAggressive":false,"isSitewide":true,"hesitation":"","openAnimation":false,"exitAnimation":false,"timer":"","sensitivity":"","cookieExpire":"","cookieDomain":"","autoFire":"","isAnalyticsEnabled":false}, Raise your hand if 2020 looked anything like the p, Wanna know the truth about being an SLP blogger wi. Goal areas may include: ... Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) Vocal Intonation Therapy (VIT) Rhythmic Speech Cuing (RSC) Oral Motor and Respiratory Exercises (OMREX) Singing: Using call and response, vocal warm-ups and other performance based techniques to improve speech and language abilities. Melodic Intonation Therapy. If so you’ve come to the right place with over 219 free winter activities for speech therapy, Are you looking for Thanksgiving speech therapy activities? Want to see how much progress she has made since this video? Research paper on edible vaccines difference between case study and interviews stages of language development essay romeo and juliet … Two hypotheses may help to inter - pret the effects of MIT in … doi:10.1525/mp.2006.24.1.23. (2012) explains that this therapy works in two different ways. Clinical Support. Thompson, Cynthia K. (2000). Then, in a second video, taken after 75 Melodic Intonation Therapy sessions, the man is reciting his house number, street, and town. ISBN 1133310680. 0000017748 00000 n Speech Therapy for Children with CAS. Introduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders. Melodic intonation therapy (MIT) is a structured protocol for language rehabilitation in people with Broca's aphasia. This is because music uses different areas of the brain than speech. 0000009777 00000 n Therapy; Success Stories; Gallery; Videos; Media Coverage; Social Services; Activities; Contact; Success Stories. 0000010388 00000 n Perpetually “mama bear protective” over the way people speak to my expressive aphasia patients. One day, I decided to introduce music therapy into our sessions, and it was a success! SPPA is a treatment that can be helpful. Receptive aphasia, also known as Wernicke’s aphasia, is characterized as impairments in language comprehension and has damage to the more posterior region of the left temporal lobe. A patient with expressive aphasia may also find it helpful to carry a card with them that lets them explain to strangers that they have aphasia and what that means. Speech can appear very effortful. I’m a speech-language pathologist and mama to twin boys. 9,10,13. Functional Communication Goal Bank for AAC. One of her favorite music therapy applications is one for patients of stroke and traumatic brain injury called “Melodic Intonation … However, it is worth considering whether or not the results offer insight into the efficacy of any particular therapeutic ele-ment included in the program—such as singing—and its underlying neural mech-anisms, as revealed by structural and functional imaging. You can see the amazing growth she has made over the years. PMC 3010734. When he began examining the brains of deceased individuals with speech and language disorders, which resulted from brain injuries. Although they struggle to speak fluently their comprehension can be mostly retained with some difficulties understanding complex grammar. Around the same time as Broca’s discovers a German neurologist by the name of Carl Wernicke. Injury essay, topics of dissertation written taj mahal essay in english 500 words. Conklyn et al. Here is a short video of a young woman who experienced a stroke at the age of 18 and is now experiencing expressive aphasia. Musical Speech Stimulation (MUSTIM) – the use of musical materials (like songs, rhymes, and chants) to stimulate non propositional speech. The individuals’ message may be clear but their sentence will not be grammatically correct. Sample essay about protecting the environment tbi case study occupational therapy. Because EBP is a continuing process, it is a dynamic integration of ever- evolving clinical expertise and … of: IMITATE • imitate gestural use of functional objects with ___ A in response to a model • utilize functional self-care objects appropriately with ___ A GESTURES & COMMUNICATION BOARDS • comprehend and respond to visual tracking, exaggerated facial … #JustNeuroThings, — Nurse Mikay, BSN, RN, SCRN (@NurseStarling) January 3, 2018. “The neural organization of language: evidence from sign language aphasia”. I am a... * First … For example, in spoken language, a patient with aphasia might say, “nagkin” instead of “napkin” while in ASL the error might be observed in movement, hand position, or morphology. Various treatment strategies–such as melodic intonation therapy and accent therapy–may be implemented. Fancher, Raymond E. Pioneers of Psychology, 2nd ed. Retrieved from Leave a comment. This is used to increase the proper use of grammar at the sentence level. INPATIENT REHABILITATION GOAL BANK AUDITORY COMPREHENSION Short-term Goals : Patient will utilize trained strats to demo aud. �G͋ We suggest basic clarifications to enhance the scientific support of this promising treatment. 0000013401 00000 n 0000010940 00000 n Melodic intonation therapy (MIT) and some of its modified versions number among the rate and rhythm control approaches for AOS. “Extending the Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) approach to cognitive functions: Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) of chronic aphasia”. 2009; Zumbansen et al. Often, these prosodic errors and articulation errors are thought of as two … Most of the more popular workbooks focus on one type of therapy or another. Common Classifications of Aphasia. encourage a high intensity schedule of therapy. Schlaug, Gottfried; Sarah Marchina; Andrea Norton (2008). However, in very severe cases the person might only speak in one-word sentences. However, it was Wernicke who realized that there was a difference between aphasia patients with those who couldn’t produce language, expressive aphasia, and those who couldn’t comprehend language, receptive aphasia. Melodic Intonation Therapy Works on speech restoration through singing (right hemisphere reorganization is the goal). The main goal is to help the patient speak in a comprehendible manor. Broca discovered that language was located in the ventroposterior portion of the frontal lobe, now known as Broca’s area. In some cases, aphasia is due to epilepsy or other neurological disorders. 0000004930 00000 n Differential neurologic processing of music and speech: the fact that the neural circuitry for speaking and singing is partially overlapping but also partially segregated has led to applications, such as Melodic Intonation Therapy, especially in regard to expressive aphasia rehabilitation, where singing could engage undamaged speech circuitry in the hemisphere contra lateral to the damage. 32 (7): 1621–1626. Learn Simple Ways to Avoid Another Stroke from happening. Melodic intonation therapy typically consists of speaking with a simplified and exaggerated prosody, characterized by a melodic component (2 notes, high and low) and a rhythmic component (2 durations, long and short). Introduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders. Constraint-Induced Language Therapy (CILT), a technique in which massed practice is an integral part of the intervention (Pulvermuller, Neininger, Elbert, Mohr, Rockstroh, Koebbel, & Taub, 2001;) Other studies supporting the efficacy of intensive aphasia therapy have evaluated a single treatment such as Melodic Intonation Therapy administered at a high intensity (Schlaug, Marchina & Norton, 2008, 2009) or … Wernicke was also studying the brains of patients with aphasia post-mortem. pp. “Aphasia in a user of British Sign Language: Dissociation between sign and gesture”. “Neuroplasticity: Evidence from Aphasia”. While a patient with a hemorrhagic stroke may experience a slow recovery in the first few weeks and then experience a quicker recovery which then stabilizes. We only recommend products and services that have tried, trust and love. Meinzer, Marcus; Thomas Elbert; Daniela Djundja; Edward Taub (2007). For more information, you can read our terms and conditions. The goal of Melodic Intonation Therapy is to utilize singing to access the language-capable regions in the right hemisphere and use these regions to compensate for lost function in the left hemisphere. Melodic Intonation Therapy In some cases, people with aphasia can learn to speak by "singing out" the words. They are able to recognize the word as a whole. 464–465. Speech therapy goals for aphasia usually have both long- and short-term elements. Rated 5.00 out of 5 $ 14.99 Add to cart; Dysphagia Bundle. Melodic intonation therapy [MIT; (1, 2)] is a treatment program used by speech-language pathologists for the rehabilitation of patients with speech production disorders. a) music therapy is the use of music and musical elements to reach health care goals b) music therapy is the use of music by an accredited music therapist to obtain specific results c) music therapy is the use of music in any therapeutic form d) music therapy is the use of beautiful music to assist people Sinauer Associates, Inc. ISBN 0-87893-742-0. Don’t just stand around in silence. Melodic Intonation Therapy • Verbal material: numerous sentences of daily living • Visual material: relevant picture for each sentence • Intoned pattern: exaggeration of normal prosody on two notes • Tapping with the left hand • Lip-reading allowed (Norton et al.