Legendary said the original temple was built by a consort of Princess Yang Xiu, son of Emperor Wendi in the Sui dynasty (581–618). It is the first express cargo train linking China and Europe, taking 12 days to complete the full journey. Famous local dishes include Mapo doufu, Chengdu Hot pot, and Dan Dan Mien. [25], Although the official name of the city has remained (almost) constant, the surrounding area has sometimes taken other names, including "Yizhou". At the same time, the local financial firms of Chengdu are strengthening their presences nationally, notably, Huaxi Securities, Sinolink Securities and Bank of Chengdu. A large variety of snow activities are offered during the festival. Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed. Covering a total of 9,245 km2 (3,570 sq mi) over 12 distinct counties and 4 cities, Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries, lie on the transitional alp-canyon belt between the Sichuan Basin and the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The city has been home to literary giants, such as Sima Xiangru and Yang Xiong, two masters of Fu, a mixture of descriptive prose and verse during the Tang dynasty; Li Bai and Du Fu, the most eminent poets of the Tang and Song dynasties respectively; Yang Shen'an, a famous scholar of the Ming dynasty; and Guo Moruo and Ba Jin, two well-known modern writers. It is located approximately 10 miles south of Chengdu. [55], Their current urban-planning focus in the city of Chengdu is to make the city 'a city within a park' rather than creating parks within a city. [58] The 24-hour daily mean temperature in July and August is around 25 °C (77 °F), with afternoon highs sometimes reaching 33 °C (91 °F); sustained heat as found in much of eastern China is rare. [52] As a way to preserve farmland and accommodate the growing population of Chengdu, China is building a hyper-dense satellite city centered around a central mass-transit hub called the Great City where any destination within the city is within a 15-minute walk. In 2010, over 140,000 students graduated from the colleges and universities, more than half of them majored in IT, finance, economics, business management, or foreign languages studies. By 2012, the logistic industry in Chengdu will realize a value added of RMB 50 billion, with an average annual growth exceeding 18 percent. Parts of Xuanzang's skull are held in consecration here (as a relic). Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China Weather History star_ratehome. More than 150,000 people in Chengdu are engaged in software-related work. Tea and history: an evocative brew in Chengdu, China A group of men gather to drink tea at Guanyin Pavilion, Chengdu, China. On 28 May 2008, Zhou Weikun, president of IBM China disclosed that IBM Chengdu would increase its staff number from the present 600 to nearly 1,000 by the end of the year. Xuanzang, an eminent Tang dynasty monk, was initiated into monkhood and studied for several years here; during this time, he gave frequent sermons in Daci Monastery. It will consist of 15% park and green space and be situated on a 1.3 km2 (0.50 sq mi) area. The name hasn't changed for more than 2,000 years, which is a wonder in the history of Chinese cities. It was built in the Western Jin period (265–316) in the honor of Zhuge Liang, the famous military and political strategist who was Prime Minister of the Shu Han State during the Three Kingdoms period (220–280). [clarification needed] The first detailed recorded opera was staged in the royal court of Shu Kingdom during the Three Kingdom Period. Mount Qingcheng's Fujian Temple, Tianshi Cave, and Shizu Hall are some of the existing more well-known Taoist holy sites. [66], Waldorf Astoria Hotels & Resorts in Chengdu. In terms of the detailed historical data Chengdu city was built in 316 BC by Zhang with a history of more than 2300 years. The summer is hot and humid, but not to the extent of the "Three Furnaces" cities of Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing, all of which lie in the Yangtze basin. The city is also planned to be self-sustaining, with every residence being a two-minute walk from a park. are playing in the China League Two. See Template:Administrative divisions of Taiwan instead. The head of the Shu Han State in the Three Kingdoms period was seated in Huanglongxi, and for some time, the general government offices for Renshou, Pengshan, and Huayang counties were also located here. Therefore, Chengdu has no direct access to the Yangtze River or any other larger river. Some of the most popular ones are located in Sansheng Village east of Chengdu, and Nongke Village in Pidu District (欧特美家), northwest of Chengdu. It is an important base for high-quality agricultural products. They provide gateways for city dwellers to escape the city, offer delicious and affordable home-made dishes, and provide mahjong facilities. #35: Looking Back on 40 Years of Chengdu History November 22, 2019 November 21, 2019 by Charlie This episode of the podcast is the second in a cooperative project with the Chengdu-based co-working space and bar Berlin Haus, in the “Haus Guests” series where we … Another said it’s to protect the poor city wall. The influx of refugees to the city stimulated trade and commerce, and several universities and institutes of higher learning were also moved there. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. According to Chengdu County Annals, a disastrous fire consumed the temple at the end of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), only ten iron statues of Buddhist deities and two thousand-year-old China firs survived. Gold Mask displayed in Jinsha Site Museum, Wine vessel excavated from Sanxingdui Cultural Site. Following the Opium War (1840 - 1842 AD), the city went into a decline for the long-term chaos and wars, and its role was overtaken by the adjacent Chongqing. Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city in Sichuan, People's Republic of China, Location of Chengdu City jurisdiction in Sichuan. Largest cities or municipalities in the People's Republic of China, Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Learn how and when to remove this template message, the remnants of the Nationalist Chinese government evacuated, Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Chengdu Economic and Technological Development Zone, Chengdu Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Fine-Brush Flower-and-Bird Painting school, Sichuan Wolong Giant Panda Nature Reserve, National Development and Reform Commission, Sichuan § Chengdu_Economic_and_Technological_Development_Zone, Sichuan § Chengdu_Hi-Tech_Industrial_Development_Zone, Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway, West China Medical Center of Sichuan University, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, The Affiliated High School of Sichuan University, The Affiliated High School of Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu Experimental Foreign Languages School, United States Consulate General at Chengdu, Republic of Korea Consulate General Chengdu, List of current and former capitals of subdivisions of China, List of twin towns and sister cities in China, http://www.cdstats.chengdu.gov.cn/uploadfiles/02010920/%E3%80%8A%E6%88%90%E9%83%BD%E7%BB%9F%E8%AE%A1%E5%B9%B4%E9%89%B4-2017%E3%80%8B%EF%BC%88%E5%85%A8%EF%BC%89.pdf, "Multinationals flock to 'central hub' city Chengdu", "Snapshot: China's Western Theater Command", "Inside Chengdu: can China's megacity version of the garden city work? It was a large military stronghold for the ancient Shu Kingdom. Since ancient times, Chengdu has been known as "the Abundant Land" owing to its fertile soil, favorable climate, and novel Dujiangyan Irrigation System. People deemed that this point of time was the real start of Chengdu history, as a city was shaped here. In 2010, offshore service outsourcing in Chengdu realized a registered contract value of US$336 million, 99 percent higher than the previous year. Known as the "Nonpareil Monastery" in China, the Daci Monastery in downtown Chengdu was first built during the Wei and Jin dynasties, with its cultural height during the Tang and Song dynasties. The growth reached a historical high. It is one of the three most-populous cities in Western China, the other two being Chongqing and Xi'an. East of Chengdu stands the low Longquan Mountains and the west bordering area of the hilly land of middle reaches of Min River, an area noted by several converging rivers. 24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378 +86 157-0009-4881 Email:info@tripstoshanghai.com. The wars in late Ming (1368 - 1644 AD) and early Qing (1644 - 1911 AD) made Chengdu a chaotic place and declined, but recovered soon after large-scale immigration. Food stalls on site offer over 100 varieties of freshly made local snacks. Over the past few years, Chengdu's economy has flourished rapidly. [79] Some larger tea houses offer live entertainment such as Sichuan opera performances.[80]. The mission site became so popular that a larger space was secured near Chengtu's East Gate in the spring of 1893. [82] Now, the somewhat clumsy giant panda is a symbol representing the World Wildlife Fund. The round, foil plaque dates back to the ancient Shu area in 210 BC and is 94.2 percent pure gold and extremely thin. Neighbouring prefectures are Deyang (NE), Ziyang (SE), Meishan (S), Ya'an (SW), and the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture (N). The Chengdu Railway Bureau manages the railway system of Sichuan Province, Chongqing City, Guizhou Province and Yunnan Province. Three old streets built during the Republic of China period are still being used today by residents. According to history, Qingyang Temple was the place where Lao Tzu preached his famous Dao De Jing to his disciple, Ying Xi. Facing the Jinjiang River to the east and leaning against Muma Mountain to the north, the ancient town of Huanglongxi is approximately 40 km (25 mi) southeast of Chengdu. It’s proven that there were humans settling in Chengdu at least 3,700 – 4,500 years ago. [115] The club was later promoted into the China Super League until they were embroiled in a match-fixing scandal in 2009. [citation needed]. In particular, the brocade industry boomed with skilled techniques. This is especially so in the winter months, when it is nearly continuously grey, compounded by the poor air quality. [14] Chengdu will host the FISU Summer World University Games in 2021, an international multi-sport event. And the government founded an office in the charge of the management of Jiao Zi.